The exhibition features animals from all areas, or zoogeographic regions, of the world: the Ethiopian, Indomalayan, Neotropical, Australian, and Holarctic. Included are museum specimens of exceptional historical value, such as the pink fairy armadillo, an endangered species whose natural habitat is found in central Argentina. This specimen was given to the museum in the late 19th century by one of the first Latvian scientists – Professor Carlos Berg (Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Berg).
On display in the showcases are: the tallest land mammal – the giraffe; the fastest running animal – the cheetah; the largest wild cat – the tiger; the echidna – one of the few egg-laying mammals, and many other exotic animals. These mammals and the world's largest bird, the African ostrich, have now been joined by reptiles, including the distinctive frilled agama lizard.
The exhibit was created in 1984.
The exhibition was renovated in 2022 with financial support from the Cohesion Fund.